Monthly Archives: September 2017

Sustainable Tourism- A Prerequisite of Sustainable Development

This article will provide a brief overview about the historical background, importance, concepts, principles and general debates about sustainable tourism.Sustainable tourism is one of the pre-requisites of achieving sustainable development. the concept of tourism with sustainability and development gets its historical inclusion from mass tourism that got flourished in 1960s due to advent of jet aircraft and the passions for tourism got tremendous following and it also reached Third World countries (Dann, 2002). It was also argued that this boost pushed organizations like World Bank and UN to examine the cost benefit analysis of tourism and it was acknowledged that potential costs of tourism are far lower than financial benefits in shape of balance pf payment surpluses, infrastructure development, and employment and foreign exchange gains. So that gave rise to the concept of sustainable tourism as one of the source of bringing sustainable development. According to the World’s Summit on Sustainable Development (2002), it is claimed that Tourism is the world’s largest industry where in 2000, 698 million people travelled internationally which 7.3 % more than 1999. Similarly the economic worth of international tourism was US$477.9 billion in 2000 (, 2006).

In terms of one concrete definition, literature suggests that it is not fixed and is ever evolving. However Coccossis (1996) asserts that sustainable tourism can be taken in four different interpretations that include” economic sustainability of tourism”, the “ecologically sustainable tourism”,” sustainable tourism development” with both focus of environment as well as long term feasibility of the industry and finally “tourism as a part of a strategy for sustainable development”.As mentioned above, sustainable tourism should be taken in consideration to environmental and resources effects. It was argued that Mediterranean tourism is the main source of economic gain for the reason however short term growth was overlooked with long term adverse effect and deterioration of their ecosystem and resources (Farsari, 2000)Effects of ignorant tourism on its sustainability include: ‘over consumption of natural resources ,environmental degradation, exploitation of cultures and labour, displacement of people from their land, lack of consultation with local communities, poorly thought out tourism planning and high foreign exchange leakage which reduces local economic benefits’ in long run (World’s Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002),Where such effects are there to pose a threat on sustainable tourism there are guiding principles that can lead to ensure sustainability (, 2006). Those principles include sustainable use of resources, waste and over-consumption reduction, diversity maintenance, tourism-planning integration, local economy support as well as local community involvement, consultation, training, research and responsible marketing (Farsari, 2000)So the discussion suggest that tourism industry has potential to be a prerequisite for sustainable development, however it is imperative to realize that focus on mass tourism only can pose danger to environment so in order to ensure sustainability in tourism, guiding principles should be followedReferencesCoccossis, H. (1996) ‘Tourism and Sustainability: Perspectives and Implications’ in Priestley, G. et al. (eds), Sustainable Tourism? European Experiences, U.K.: Cab International
Dann, G, M, S, (2002), “Tourism & Development”, in Desai V and Potter, R. (eds) (2002), The Companion to Development Studies, London: Arnold,

Farsari, Y, (2000), ‘Sustainable Tourism Indicators for Mediterranean Established Destinations’, Heraklion: IACM & FORTHPapers For You (2006) “C/T/32. Sustainable travel & tourism”, Available from [22/06/2006]Papers For You (2006) “C/T/27. Sustainable Tourism Development”, Available from [21/06/2006]World Summit on Sustainable Development, (2002), ‘Sustainable Tourism and the Earth Summit’, Briefing Paper, Aug 26-Sep 06, 2002, London: Tourism Concern. Also available on

Information Regarding Medical Tourism

The term Medical Tourism was initially coined by travel agencies for describing the practice of traveling abroad for medical treatment. This was done for obtaining the best and reasonable health care services outside the country. The services that are generally arranged by the professional agencies include complex professional surgeries like dental surgery, cosmetic surgery, cardiac surgery, joint replacement (knee/hip) and more. One can also directly contact the respective hospitals in countries like India, Mexico and Costa Rica for information through websites and respective medical center councilors. The patient has to provide their medical report to the service provider including the nature of illness, doctor’s opinion, diagnosis and complete medical history.

Certified medical consultants and doctors give their advice on the required treatment. The whole process of medical tourism includes the discussion of approximate expenditure, hospital choice, the tourist destination as well as the duration of their stay. Once the agreement and consent bond gets signed, the patient is provided with the recommendation letter to get a medical VISA. The patient has to procure it from the associated embassy. A case executive is always available with the patient to take care of the accommodation, and his treatment abroad. The health tourism is getting popular day by day due to several other reasons like long waiting list and expensive treatments.People of United States make the most out of this facility. The very first reason behind the increasing trend of medical tourism is its incredible savings. Depending upon the destination, the patient can expect to save a high percentage. Access to immediate excellent medical service and no waiting list is another wonderful benefit. The medical travel agencies commit to provide the quality treatment abroad. Several organizations come forward for this purpose. Most of these agencies and consultants are registered with world Medical Tourism Association. The patients have access to expert surgeons and latest technologies through the health tourism options. Other notable features adding into the popularity of this tourism service are longer hospital stay, convenience and travel opportunities at a very low cost.

For most of the Americans, minimal price is the main advantage of availing the medical tourism facilities. It is a fact that the USA health care costs are generally higher than the total traveling expensive. For instance, the hip replacement surgery costs nearly $40,000 to $60,000 in USA whereas it is about $3,000 to $4,000 overseas in countries like Thailand and India. Moreover, in 2011, it was revealed that 161 million people in USA were either uninsured or under-insured. This is the reason behind why the American health system is getting competition from developing countries. It failed to meet the medical requirements of the Americans. These are the few reason of ever increasing popularity of Medical Tourism in developed countries like USA.